Ten of the best… American F1 drivers

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F1 has always struggled to catch on in America, despite the popularity of home-grown motor sports such as Indy Car racing and NASCAR.

There were no American drivers in F1 at all from 1994 to 2005. But the country has given F1 two champions and a host of Grand Prix winners. Here’s ten of the most memorable.

Mario Andretti

Surely the greatest American racing driver although, of course, he was a Cold War Italian immigrant. Took pole for the first race he started and, after dabbling with the sport while mainly racing in America, hooked up with Lotus’s Colin Chapman.

Mario Andretti helped Chapman get the team back together and refined the devastating Lotus 79 which he won the 1978 title with. But team mate Ronnie Peterson died at the race where Andretti became champion.

Lotus struggled in ’80 and Andretti moved the Alfa Romeo, who were hopeless. He made a few appearances for Williams and Ferrari in ’82, before quitting his F1 career years too early.

His son Michael made an infamously fraught F1 attempt in 1993, which was cut short, but grandson Marco is showing great promise.

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Eddie Cheever

A forgotten man of the eighties who too often had lacklustre machinery at his disposal. He got his hands on a Renault in 1983, but Alain Prost comfortably beat him with it.

Cheever often shone at home though, finishing second at Detroit in 1982 and third at Pheonix in 1989. That was his final season in the sport, however.

Scott Speed

Last year Scott Speed became the first American in F1 since Michael Andretti in 1993. The results haven’t come his way yet but don’t underestimate his toughness – he battled ulcerative colitis in his younger years but kept his racing career together.

Plus, he’s got a great name.

Mark Donohue

A star in the States, Mark Donohue finished third on his F1 debut in Mosport, Canada, in 1971. Four years later he attempted his first full F1 season with Penske and showed signs of great promise, running fifth at Anderstorp in Sweden.

But tragedy struck at the Austrian Grand Prix. Donohue crashed heavily in practice and, although he seemed fine in the aftermath, he fell unconscious and died of a brain haemorrhage on the way to hospital.

Bill Vukovich

A curious statistical footnote for F1 fans. Bill Vukovich was never a full-time F1 driver, but five of his Indianapolis 500 starts in the ’50s counted towards the championship.

He won two, in 1953 and 1954, giving him a 40% win rate beaten only by fellow 500 winner Lee Wallard (50%, another Indy 500-only racer), Juan Manuel Fangio (47.06%) and Alberto Ascari (41.94%).

Richie Ginther

Richie Ginther’s fourth Grand Prix came at Monaco in 1961 where he chased Stirling Moss hard for second place. He left Ferrari at the end of the season and spent three years with BRM, finishing equal second with team mate Graham Hill behind the dominant Jim Clark.

He is best known for his single F1 win, which was Honda’s first Grand Prix victory, at Mexico in 1965. Ginther abruptly quit motor racing while practising for the 1967 Indianapolis 500, and died in 1989 of a heart attack.

George Follmer

George Follmer was 39 when he made his Grand Prix debut with Shadow in 1973. The car was frequently off the pace, and Follmer never built on the promise of his fine third place at Montjuich Park in his second Grand Prix.

He continued to race in Can-Am and Trans-Am, but his career was badly disrupted by a serious crash at Laguna Seca in 1978.

Dan Gurney

Often regarded as one of the best drivers never to win the championship, Dan Gurney blessed F1 with the gorgeous Eagle-Weslake V12 car in 1967.

His F1 career spanned 12 seasons in which he won four times and scored 133 points – more than any American in F1 bar Andretti – but usually frustrated by unreliability. He best championship placing was fourth in 1961 and 1965, and perhaps his best years were lost to the Eagle project.

Peter Revson

He was an heir to the Revlon cosmetics fortune, but Peter Revson had to make his way into motor racing without the support of his family.

Nonetheless, after an abortive start in 1964 and a one-off appearance for Tyrrell seven years later, he entered F1 with McLaren in 1972 and scored four podium finishes. The following year he won twice at Silverstone and Mosport.

Squeezed out of McLaren by the arrival of Emerson Fittipaldi, Revson turned to Shadow in 1974. In practice for his third race with the team at Kyalami he crashed heavily and was killed.

Phil Hill

America’s ‘other’ champion. Phil Hill won the 1961 title in dire circumstances – he took the title from Ferrari team mate Wolfgang von Trips who was killed at Monza along with 14 spectators.

Hill won three Grands Prix during his career and battled internal politics at Ferrari – eventually leaving with a crowd of mechanics to form ATS. But his F1 career petered out over the following seasons.

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Keith Collantine
Lifelong motor sport fan Keith set up RaceFans in 2005 - when it was originally called F1 Fanatic. Having previously worked as a motoring...

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11 comments on “Ten of the best… American F1 drivers”

  1. Dan Gurney was the greatest. But what about Masten Gregory? He finished third in his first F1 race and had many drives after that, admittedly with privateer teams that were never going to win. His F1 career was a bit chequered but he had two claims to fame that should not be forgotten: he was one of the very few F1 drivers who wore glasses and was also of the opinion that the best way to avoid injury in an accident was to bail out before it happened – and he did it a few times!

  2. It has to be Mario or Dan, but the list is thin isn’t it?
    The Americans (incoming generalisation alert) tend to prefer world championships which are based entirely on the North American continent, to be considered a leading American driver by Americans you have to be in one of those championships.


    1. They tend to prefer sports where they defeat everyone else in the world (NBA, NFL, MLB). They even call themselves world champions when they only have won the national tournament (e.g. NBA). That’s why MLS is not so popular.

  3. My top 3 is Andretti, P Hill, Gurney. :)

  4. Richard C; I have a hard time explaining to peers why I like the round kind of football for just that reason.

    It’s like there’s this hidden psyche that the USA isn’t supposed to struggle at anything, ever.

    I suppose “what if’s” don’t count, but Carol Shelby’s story always perplexed me. What if he had a Formula 1 team instead of building sportscars?

    There’s something of this image of a Texas cowboy-looking guy going to France to compete in Le Mans that… I guess there’s no way for me to understand it, I just find it oddly cool. Does Lance Armstrong compare in that regard? I digress…

    Mario Andretti is the greatest overall race car driver of all time. The rest is academic.

    1. It is pointless to discuss this, I just felt concerning your last statement Jim Clark deserved a mention for doing well in formula racing, Indy, touring cars, sportscars, Le Mans, even trying rallying and nascar. Andretti did those too and accumulated more successes than Clark, but I personally just like Clark a lot. Both were fantastic racing drivers!

  5. chunter made the best call:
    “Mario Andretti is the greatest overall race car driver of all time.” Andretti won Championships in all aspects of motorsport and is a fine friend to the ‘fans’ as well.

  6. Jim Clark’s father pulled Gurney aside at Clark’s funeral and told him he should know that he was the only rival Jimmy feared. That is quite a recommendation for Dan.

    Masten Gregory was Clark’s hero and Jimmy was hugely disappointed when the two of them shared a sportscar and he found that he could easily blow Gregory away.

    My top three would be Andretti, Gurney and Hill

  7. As has been pointed out elsewhere, Phil Hill gets scant credit for his abilities, in part due to his willingness to finish in the points rather than push an ailing or underperforming car to the breaking (or crashing) point. His sports car record gives a better accounting of his abilities, including the speed that Enzo was disingenuous enough to question (note the number of fastest race laps to his credit). As to Richard C’s comment, Ginther and Revson seldom get the respect warranted, either.

  8. Scott Speed Sucks in F1. very slow and clueless.

  9. “Andretti made a few appearances for Williams and Ferrari in ’82, before quitting his F1 career years too early.”

    He was 42 by then, and that debut at Watkins Glen had been 14 years before – yet he was still racing IndyCars in 1994, and he even raced in the 2000 Le Mans 24 Hours (sharing a Panoz with David Brabham and Jan Magnussen, 25 and 33 years younger respectively).

    So a case could indeed be made that he quit F1 too soon. How might he have fared against Senna? (Much better than his son, anyway…)

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