Ten worst… F1 tracks

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The Shanghai International Circuit is next – and it’s my least favourite track on the calendar. Yes, most people hate the Hungaroring and I can see why – it’s narrow, tight, slow and produces terrible races.

But Shanghai annoys me because it’s a missed opportunity. With the amount of money they spent they could have built a genuinely stunning track (or thousands of hospitals but that’s a different matter). Instead they built stunning buildings and facilities around a track that is flat and dull.

But it’s not the worst track F1 has ever visited – these ten surely rank below it.

Autodromo Oscar Alfredo Galvez No. 6

Buenos Aires, Argentina – 1995-8

It was named after the legendary Argentinian road racer Oscar Galvez, who on his day could teach Juan Manuel Fangio a thing or two. But in its final incarnation as an F1 track the Buenos Aires circuit was no longer worthy of the association.

The fast loop out into marshland and two enormous straights were chopped off completely and a tight new infield constructed. It even had that cursed addition of practically every mid-’90s circuit – a stupidly tight chicane which they then had the effrontery to name after Ayrton Senna.


Belgium – 1973-84

Perhaps I’m being too harsh on Zolder for being the place where Gilles Villeneuve died. It sprouted several chicanes as it struggled to contain escalating F1 speeds and was never really wide enough anyway. It was not missed when it was dropped in 1984 after holding 10 F1 Grands Prix.


United States – 1989-91

The last in a long line of American street circuits some of which were great (Long Beach), others gruelling (Detroit) but none quite so wretchedly dull. The original configuration used in 1989 featured 13 corners, 10 of which were right-angles. Racing speeds were low and the first event was stopped at the two hour limit with only six cars still circulating.

Despite this it was inexplicably upgraded to the season opener for the next two years. In 1991 they reconfigured it, and a pair of reasonably quick corners. But it did nothing to improve local interest and infamously a nearby ostrich race drew a larger crowd.

F1 never went back although Champ Car were supposed to be using a track incorporating a couple of the same streets for its season finale this year, which has since fallen through.

Caesar’s Palace

United States – 1981-2

For two years in the ’80s F1 chose to host its championship deciders in the car park of a Las Vegas casino. The track was reasonably quick but totally flat, devoid of character and simply doubled back on itself over and over to make best use of the space available.

Construction work at the site has now obliterated the former track. It’s not a loss to get upset about.

Bugatti au Mans

France – 1967

The Le Mans 24 Hours at the Circuit de la Sarthe is a fantastic race, a jewel in the crown of international motor sport. But the abridged version of the Le Mans circuit proved a dull venue on the sole occasion it held the French Grand Prix in 1967.

It didn’t help that France wasn’t short of decent tracks at the time – the following year the race was at picturesque Rouen and in 1969 it was at Clermont-Ferrand. The Bugatti circuit does host some excellent races in other categories though – the DTM will race there again next year.


Austria – 1964

Just like Bugatti au Mans this was a one-off venue. Not to be confused with the mighty Osterreichring, which is sometimes referred to as Zeltweg.

This was a bumpy, four-turn track on a former airbase that the cars lapped in under 70 seconds and thus required 105 laps for a Grand Prix distance.


Belgium, 1972-4

It twice held the Belgian Grand Prix when the original, long Spa-Francorchamps fell off the calendar in the ’70s. It couldn’t hold a candle to its mighty sibling, being a largely flat and featureless autodrome.

In 2002 an industrial complex was built on the site but the track is still clearly visible on the aerial photograph above.

AVUS (Automobil Verkehrs und Ubungs Strasse)

Germany – 1959

AVUS was little more than two enormous straights (that took almost a minute to cover) connected by a pair of 180-degree bends. It was used pre-WWII, and had to be shortened afterwards because a portion of it was within the Soviet-controlled area.

It only held one world championship Grand Prix, in shortened form, and that race saw F1 racer Jean Behra die in a Porsche during a support race.

Tanaka International Circuit

Aida, Japan – 1994-5

The tiny, tight circuit that twice held the Pacific Grand Prix was on the small side for club racing – never mind Formula 1. After producing two awful and boring races it was dropped. It certainly did not deserve to be the scene of Michael Schumacher’s second championship victory in 1995.


South Africa – 1992-3

Kyalami was one of the most beloved of old circuits and F1 stained its reputation by continuing to race at it well into the eighties, by which time international pressure on the Apartheid regime was enormous and many other sports were boycotting South Africa.

When F1 returned in 1992 it was to a badly mutilated circuit. Only two of the original corners remained – Sunset and Clubhouse, although like every other corner these were now named after sponsors. The latter was supposed to be referred to as ‘Yellow Pages’ without a hint of irony…

More seriously, the new track was generally slow. By today’s standards it might actually be considered quick, and the lack of run-off in some spaces would be more of a concern. It opened the 1992 and 1993 seasons, and Williams routed the field in both events.

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Keith Collantine
Lifelong motor sport fan Keith set up RaceFans in 2005 - when it was originally called F1 Fanatic. Having previously worked as a motoring...

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30 comments on “Ten worst… F1 tracks”

  1. I’m not a big fan of the Shanghai circuit either. It’s far too bland and sanitized for me, has a weird layout, and acres and acres of run-off. The pit staight is the worst part for me, with the overblown architecture completely overwhelming the race track below, making it look tiny.

    Yet the drivers seem to like it though.

  2. For me the post-Senna Imola Autodrome for the San Marino Grand Prix is rubbish.
    Yes, its quick, yes, it has undulation but it also has almost no overtaking. I remember I think in 2004 that the only overtaking manouevre I saw after the first lap (and not including pit stop gains) was about 5 laps from the end when Massa’s Sauber nerfed someone out the way and I was half asleep by then so I cant even remember who that was.

    The good battles between Alonso and Schumacher in 05 and 06 were smalll highlights in otherwise typically dull races and again proves my point that you just cannot overtake on todays ‘San Marino’ circuit.

    Will the revised configuration at the end / start of the lap provide more excitement and will we ever find out ? I doubt it ..on both counts.

  3. I would add Jerez in Spain! Too tight, too twisty. Bar 1986 and the Mansell-Senna battle, but they would have had an exciting battle on a scalextix track!

    The thing about Shanghi is it does not feel like there is any soul or character in the track. It is almost as if it was designed on an etch-a-sketch!

    Oh how could I forget….Magny Cours!

  4. any track that has been herman tilke’d has surely got to be on the list…

  5. Don’t know if you’ll agree with me, but, in my opinion, the most boring race on the calendar is the Spanish Grand Prix, at Circuito de Catalunya, Barcelona…

    I don’t think the track is itself dull, but perhaps because everyone runs there so much during testing sessions, it usually happens to be a race won by who’s first after the first corner (like it was this year, when Massa delighted me by closing the door at Alonso’s home race!), since everyone knows it so much that there’s no room for pure talent, for unexpected strategies or for brave overtaking…

  6. quick fix: It is spelled Phoenix, not Pheonix.

  7. Yes, you’re quite right – although in my defence I did check it and then discovered the place I’d checked it also had it wrong…

  8. We musn’t forget about the appalling Hockenheim redo, easily one of the worst circuit “modernizations” ever commited, right up there with the A1 Ring and Kyalami. Why the FIA felt the need to demand that the circuit be shortened (by over 2km!) and those magnificent high speed blasts into the forest removed is beyond me. The Hockenheim was classic and unique, and overtaking was genuinely possible there, but now it’s just another completely boring Tilke-drome.

  9. Totally agreed, Eric! Hockenheim was killed by its “modernization”!

  10. I agree about Zolder. Its atmosphere is nice, but it’s otherwise just a twisted up dogbone design. So is Dijon; despite a certain memorable comeback, I’m surprised it isn’t listed here.

    Several of the tracks listed here suffer from “over-creation” of sorts, instead of using the local terrain to create natural elevation changes and a variety of flowing and sweeping curves, places like Shanghai, Bugatti, and the infield of Indianapolis were simply bulldozed into existence and could have taken on any layout desired. Bugatti has slight charm, as each of its hairpins have different radii, and despite the rain, I quickly learned to appreciate rehashed Fuji for the same reason.

    In fact, Fuji is good contrast. Its designers wanted to bulldoze it into existence; the drenched track we watched was to be an infield for an enormous oval, but the hillside, and the builders’ credit scores, could not handle the full, intended project. I also learned that the turns after 9 do not offend me as much as I thought they would, the Panasonic corner is taken a lot faster than it looks on paper.

    At least F1 don’t try to close airports and hold a race on its runways anymore.

    Enough rambling for now.

  11. OK, I’ve checked three websites and they all say that Lorenzo Bandini won the lone championship race at Zeltweg. Am I missing something obvious? If not, where did Graham Hill come from?

  12. No, your right. Bandini won the race. Graham Hill actually retired after 5 laps from mechanical failure and finished last.

  13. Er… yes that’s quite a mistake I’ve made there isn’t it, because it was Bandini’s only win. Thanks for the spot and I’ve fixed it now.

  14. For me Hungary should be on there,how is it still on the calender!? Suprised the shortened Hockenheim wasnt on their to be honest, It would be an OK track but it ruined the best one to become that

  15. What about bahrain! surely thats the same as shanghai,

  16. Sorry, if I go mad on you for a mistake you probably already recognised, but AVUS is absolutely wrong on this list! If you type in “Avus 1959” into google and search for images, you might get an idea, that this circuit owned a quite steep banking which cannot be called as “usual”. In fact, touring car races were held at the AVUS until 1995 and until the AVUS’s closing in 1998 it held absolute cult status among German motorsport fans.
    But of course, it was a very dangerous track.

  17. I have to disagree with at least three of the selections on the 10 worst list.

    Zolder was actually quite a decent track. Back when F1 ran there, several of the corners were banked, and you had three, good, high-speed stretches to work with. It also had that steep hill, which made a few of those turns very daunting.

    Aida (Okayama) was short, but it had three good flat-out stretches into reasonable braking zones, a number of quick corners, and plenty of elevation changes. Also, that turn leading onto the back stretch was something quite unique to that track.

    And then there’s the re-done Kyalami. I’ll be the first to admit it’s no match to the original, but it’s still a very good track, especially compared to much of what is on the current schedule. I would say that I rank the new Kyalami about even with the new Nurburgring, before they added the Mercedes Arena in place of the Castrol Esse.

    AVUS can’t really be classed alongside any other F1 track. And regardless of that, it produced some excellent slipstreaming battles. The North Curve was something to behold and to be feared. It was paved in bricks, and banked at 45 degrees. For reference, Daytona’s turns are banked at 31 degrees. So, the inclination at AVUS was like adding the banking at Fontana to the banking at Daytona.

  18. I should add that, one track that definitely belongs on that list instead of one of the four mentioned about is Dallas. That track was very tight and twisty, slow overall, extremely difficult to actually race on, broke a lot of cars, and broke up very badly over the Grand Prix weekend in 1984.

  19. Shanghai, flat yes, dull maybe, but one of the worst circuits? Not a chance – clearly you are joking.

    Shanghai is a stunning track, it may not provide the most interesting races, but is unbelievably fun to drive, and is easily the best “new” circuit on the Formula One calendar.

    So where are Singapore and Valencia on the list?

    They are easily the most disgracefully bad tracks to be added to the F1 calendar in recent years.

    Abu Dhabi is a big waste of money too.

    To be honest, almost everything Tilke designs these days sucks.

    They need to get somebody else with some imagination to design tracks for the future.

    1. So where are Singapore and Valencia on the list?

      Check the date at the top of the article…

  20. You clearly have some personal vendetta against Shanghai – I don’t even see how you could possibly call it:

    “the worst circuit F1 has ever visited”

    …that comment is almost a disgrace to your intelligence!

  21. I have to say that I’m shocked that the farcical Dallas track isn’t listed. To me that is the worst circuit visited in the 30 years that I’ve followed F1. The layout wasn’t great to begin with, but the track kept breaking up and overtaking was impossible because there were disgraceful potholes everywhere. I’d say the 10 worst I’ve seen (since 82) are: Dallas, Hungaroring, Bahrain (or Bohraing if you will), Kyalami 92-93, Phoenix, Jerez, Nurburgring-GP Stecke, Shanghai, Hockenheimring 02-pres., Circuit de Cataluna.

  22. Hun-gay-o-ring! So true!

    I don’t see the Hungarian GP lasting past 2011.

    They’ll replace it with something good.

  23. How can you not like Autodromo Oscar Alfredo Galvez, Zolder, Phoenix, Bugatti au Mans, Nivelles-Baulers, Tanaka, or Kyalami? I have no idea why you guys don’t like Hungary or Hockenheim, they’re both great circuits. Shanghai is great, too.

  24. I also enjoy Singapore, Catalunya, Valencia, Jerez, Abu Dhabi, and pretty much everything you guys have listed.

  25. my 10 worst circiut,10,china,9 bahrein,8 zeltweg1964 7.korea,6 india,5 singapur,4 valencia,3 sochii,2 baku,1 abudabi

  26. Don’t forget A1 Ring! This is the most worst in Formule 1 history!

  27. I think is Dallas worst because it held a race in July ’84 and it was so tight that broke lots of cars due to 100 Fahrenheit air temperature. The pole time was 01:42?!

  28. I think it is Detroit because it is so tight with dull races

    1. I’m surprised that Detroit didn’t make the list. I was thrilled to have F1 within a 30-minute drive from my house, but the circuit was a joke. The drivers hated it because it was like driving in a hallway, between concrete barriers for most of the lap. There were also very few good vantage points for the spectators unless you bought the super-high-end tickets.

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