New Monza over a second faster for F1 – and Parabolica gravel will return

2017 F1 season

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Formula One lap times at Monza will fall by over a second as a result of the changes planned to the circuit for next season, according to the architect who has designed the changes.

The slow Rettifilio chicane will be removed
The home of the Italian Grand Prix will remove the Rettifilio chicane at the beginning of the lap, leaving a straight run to a revised sequence of bends replacing the Curva Grande.

Monza’s new turn one will be taken flat-out by Formula One cars according to Jarno Zaffelli of Studio Dromo who designed the alterations to the circuit. The track then falls three metres, obscuring the approach to the new chicane at turns two and three which returns the cars to the existing layout.

The turn one run-off will be designed to allow drivers who run wide to rejoin the track at the third corner via the existing Curva Grande.

With the track configuration unchanged for the rest of the lap, the removal of the slow Rettifilio chicane will lead to a reduction in lap times. According to Zaffeli simulations have shown Lewis Hamilton’s 2015 pole position time of 1’23.397 would fall to 1’21.894 with the same cars.

The designers simulated potential lap times as low as 1’18 to assess the safety features they have put in place.

The remodelling of the circuit will require the felling of around 400 trees, something which has proved an obstacle to past renovations at Monza. To compensate for that Zaffeli’s team propose to reinstall a greater number of trees in other locations around the park.

Rettifilio and Curva Grande

New Monza Curva Grande layout changes for 2017
The removal of the Rettifilio chicane and the changes to Curva Grande are being made to create a track configuration which is suitable for both cars and bikes, and also improve other aspects of the circuit.

Zaffelli took inspiration from the Les Combes sequence of corners at Spa-Francorchamps in designing the new sequence of bends. The run-off area will use a combination of asphalt and light-eight aggregate, similar to gravel, to discourage drivers from cutting the corner while also providing a clear route to rejoin the circuit if they leave it.

The spectator stands which previously stood at the Rettifilio will be relocated to this section of the track. A new service road (not shown in the diagrams) will also be built. This should improve the day-to-day operation of the circuit by making it easier to recover stranded vehicles without the need to interrupt proceedings by stopping a session.

Removing the Rettifilio chicane will increase the length of Monza’s pit straight to 1.4 kilometres, roughly as long as the back straight at the Shanghai International Circuit.

Della Roggia, Lesmo and Ascari

New Monza Lesmo layout changes for 2017
The current track layout will be unchanged at the Variante della Roggia (the second chicane) and the two Lesmo corners. Limited run-off at the outside of Lesmo make it necessary for the Roggia chicane to be retained.

However there will be minor alterations to the track at these points. At the Roggia the run-off area at the exit of the corner will be extended and more gravel added.

At Lesmo 1 the barrier on the inside of the corner will be moved further inside to improve visibility around the corner. Similar changes will take place at the second right-hander.

The Ascari chicane will also see only minor alterations, mostly to the run-off areas.

Parabolica gravel to be restored

New Monza Parabolica run-off, 2017
Two years ago much of the gravel run-off area at Parabolica was replaced with asphalt. This was prompted by complaints from some drivers that it reduced the challenge of tackling the famous, high-speed corner.

Under Dromo’s plans for 2017 much of the gravel would be restored. “The Tarmac in Parabolica would be replaced with gravel,” Zaffelli confirmed to F1 Fanatic.

The reasoning behind this is that asphalt is a preferred run-off surface in the event that a driver attempts to make the apex of a corner, but gravel is preferred if they are going straight on due to some kind of failure, such as last year’s crashes involving Carlos Sainz Jnr’s at Sochi and Nico Hulkenberg at the Hungaroring.

This is an approach Dromo have used on their other track redesign work including the Misano World Circuit in Italy.

Complete new Monza layout for 2017

New Monza circuit layout for 2017

Dromo’s plans for Monza can be examined in full above. Whether they can be realised, and whether F1 will remain at Monza beyond the end of this year and get to race on them, remains to be seen.

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Keith Collantine
Lifelong motor sport fan Keith set up RaceFans in 2005 - when it was originally called F1 Fanatic. Having previously worked as a motoring...

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66 comments on “New Monza over a second faster for F1 – and Parabolica gravel will return”

  1. I can only encourage track owners thinking about upgrading their tracks. For me, this is all positive and I hope others will follow it too. I can’t remember the last time we had an alteration that resulted in a faster corner.

    1. Is it just me or it now has a hint of Le Mans to it now? Like how the opening corners at Le Mans are nowadays? (Rather than Spa’s Les Combes and also low downforce.)

      Also, could it be arranged that that gravel trap ended just a little bit earlier and that the actual current Curva Grande remain in place as an option? That would be great. (No first chicane and option to use the previous Curva Grande iteration. I intentionally did not say original as it was squeezed in 1995.)

      The return of the Parabolica gravel is great news as well.

      1. *The Parabolica change is actually not happening. They’ll tear up the asphalt run-off straight on from the corner entry but they’ll leave the asphalt verge around the outside of the exit… Maybe they’ll move the rumble strips and the artificial grass forward to the actual track out point, who knows.

        1. petebaldwin (@)
          1st June 2016, 20:18

          @atticus-2 I think it looks alright. There is enough gravel at the exit that if you do run wide, you’ll be in trouble. They’ll have to allow some margin of error whereas before, it was just endless asphalt so going wide meant you only lost time.

          It’s not as good as 2013 though as there was grass the whole way round the exit – it’s only artificial grass now. I’m not convinced artificial grass is that safe – it always seems to come loose and flap around.

    2. Also, at least they plan to build on the entry to the old Pirelli test course at the new Turn 1, that’s just so grand. That layout was not in use for long in the 1950s and I bet the corner did not expect to have cars and motorcycles visiting her again after 60 years!

    3. I like the new section they added to Silverstone. They replaced the rubbish Abbey chicane with a faster turn, which then leads into the flat out Farm curve and then an actual overtaking spot. I do miss Bridge corner, which was my first taste of flat-out F1 cars, but the new section is well thought out.

      For the new Monza, I’m hoping that kink introduces opportunities for different lines leading into the first chicane, just like Farm curve.

      1. @johnh Good point. Though Silverstone was Populous and Monza is Dromo, it seems like both can come up with well-thought out designs – the same principle in the case of the new Monza Turn 1 and the new Silverstone Turn 2 – as opposed to Tilke.

    4. +1

    5. You certainly have to appreciate how well thought out it is. I like it.

  2. I like it a lot !!!
    Faster track
    Higher averages
    New fat tyres next year
    More grunt ,

    Thinking of Ayrtons old lotus :)
    Please hurry !
    Get rid of that wretched front straight chicane ,
    Bless them for not using that other crew that nueter tracks :)

  3. But the first corner is the only place where they overtake?!

    1. I agree. Whilst I like the new layout, they are effectively taking away one of only 2 or 3 realistic overtaking opportunities at this track.

    2. Straight this long, and with DRS, and first corner easy flat… F1 cars will overtake there, and it will look amazing, maybe even some turn one overtakes.

      1. @jureo This new configuration is actually likely to make overtaking much more difficult & is only going to see them leaning more on DRS generated passing well before they get anywhere near turn 1.

        The problem with this layout from an overtaking POV is the flat out kink before the chicane as the cars will naturally end up on the left hand side on the exit of that which will allow a car infront to defend the inside/middle part of the track much easier & that will make it much harder for a car behind to place his car to try anything into the chicane.

        Additionally losing the curve grande & the long run to the 2nd chicane is going to lose the 2nd chicane as an overtaking opportunity because your losing the long run through curve grande that generates the slipstream that allows cars to get a run into the 2nd chicane. Additionally with a much slower approach speed its going to be much harder to try anything under braking as the braking zone is going to be much shorter.

        1. True, but the main straight will now be so long, passing will happen long before or mid kink.

        2. @gt-racer You could argue that it’s going to make a good exit from Parabolica even more crucial, meaning the return of the gravel trap even more punishing as drivers push their cars and tyres much harder in order to set themselves up for the pass.

          I guess we will have to see.

        3. @gt-racer

          “going to see them leaning more on DRS generated passing”

          I can assure you, that they are already leaning on DRS the maximum amount.

    3. Fudge Ahmed (@)
      1st June 2016, 12:34

      I’d rather 2-3 nailbiting high speed overtakes on the new layout than 5-6 DRS assisted outbrake textbook examples at the old Rettifilio. Of course we won’t know for sure until / if the changes are made.

      1. RogerAyles
        3rd June 2016, 0:22

        @offdutyrockstar But with a longer straight your likely just going to see more boringly easy DRS highway passes & no nailbiting high speed overtakes.

        Without DRS maybe this section would produce some nice overtaking but with DRS its just going to be an utterly skill-less & unexciting DRS-fest.

        1. I don’t think there will be DRS on the main straight because after a DRS zone there should be a braking zone to automaticly close the DRS. And with this first corner it wouldn’t close the DRS and I’m not so shure F1 cars can make it trough there without DRS closed because they realy have not much grip at the back with DRS open. Also it could make it dangerous to go so fast into a corner where if you would turn a little bit to much you back end would slip out.

  4. These changes look great, and if it encourages more series to go there, then that’s even better. 22 cars going into that first kink would be interesting

  5. I have a feeling that there’s going to be a lot of awkward and hairy moments when racing wheel to wheel at the new chicane next season. Someone’s definitely getting shoved off the track at Turn 1 when trying to hang it around the outside to get the inside line for Turn 2.

    Which makes me very curious whether drivers will even defend the inside line for Turn 1, or stay on the racing line to get the inside for Turn 2.

    Lastly, just how much of a corner will the new Turn 1 be? I suspect that it will be nothing more than a somewhat sharp kink for the 2017 cars with their downforce levels.

    1. About turn 1, I’d say you’re right. I don’t see it being much different than say, Blanchimont

  6. “Zaffelli took inspiration from the Les Comes sequence of corners at Spa-Francorchamps in designing the new sequence of bends.”

    Someone tell me this is not the greatest circuit change in recent times?

    Taking my favourite Spa corner and placing it on Monza, to remove that dreadful chicane, that was as unhappy as Daniel Riciardo on Monaco podium.

    Awesome, just awesome. I can hardly wait to drive it in a sim.

    But even better, before new Spa S, a proper kink. Flat in F1 but very likeley not easy flat in other series. M m m.

    Haters can now hate.

    1. I’ll hate. That first chicane was awkward, but caught many drivers out even in dry conditions and proved to be a decent test for braking.

      More importantly, what they seem to have done is taken the two most prominent overtaking spots and reduced them to effectively 0. The approach to the first chicane is far easier to defend due to less severe braking, and the right hand kink feeding into a left hander. Then once they’re past the first chicane, due to the removal of the Curva Grande, they’re unlikely to slipstream and pass cars in the shorter run to the second chicane.

      I’m all for messing around with bad track layouts, but why they felt the need to change Monza is beyond me. The chicane wasn’t pretty to watch, but the Curva Grande certainly was.

      (If the main straight would feed directly into Curva Grande as it was meant to, I’d be all for it).

  7. Two things:

    1) These changes effectively limit the number of genuine (i.e. non-DRS) overtaking spots to one half namely at Parabolica. However, it’s quite hard to overtake there, because the entry is pretty quick. The new first corner is too fast for non-DRS-assisted overtaking, and the new run to Della Roggia will be too short. The run to Variante Ascari hasn’t been the go-to overtaking spot, either.

    2) If lap times will go down by about a second, and the planned changes to the cars also taking off 4-6 seconds per lap, race lap times at Monza will be around 1′ 20″. If the number of laps remain the same, the 2017 race will be over in about 70 minutes. I’m not sure that qualifies as a ‘Grand’ Prix anymore.

  8. WilliamB (@william-brierty)
    1st June 2016, 12:30

    Monza offers some of the best overtaking opportunities on the calendar, and more broadly, offers a stunning and unique spectator experience. Fiddling with Monza’s layout is just answering a question that has never been asked.

    For F1, I fear these changes would negatively impact the wheel-to-wheel racing. It gets rid of the longest braking zone on the track, and we would lose the cambered drafting zone of Curva Grande. A faster first chicane, an aero-limited first corner (remember, the cars will be producing almost maximum downforce at the end of the straight) and shorter run into Della Roggia. Also, much of the challenge of the gorgeous Lesmo 1 was not being able to see the exit as the driver built the throttle; another of Monza’s unique quirks that will be lost.

    In fairness, these plans clearly were not conceived with F1 in mind. I think Monza now realizes that the fate of Italian Grand Prix now rests on the circuit being able to nab Misano’s spot on the MotoGP calender, or obtain a Monza round of the World Endurance Championship. Such is Bernie’s contempt for F1’s historic fatherlands, it is forcing the promoter to fund the Grand Prix with events, like MotoGP, that miraculously generate a profit for the circuits.

    1. While Monza is no Monaco, it’s not nearly the best track for overtaking. DRS is rather useless and the tires are quite solid, so usually the races are a bit dull. With the longer straight slipstreaming will be more effective and therefore I think racing will be more interesting. Entering the first turn at 360+ km/h while trying to outbrake another car will be quite dangerous, though.

  9. Still don’t like these changes.

    Although at present I wouldn’t be too surprised if F1 doesn’t end up running through these changes due to the Italian Gp not happening at Monza which is still a real possibility.

    1. new contract has been signed, I’m assuming this is why these drawings have been released

  10. Michael Brown (@)
    1st June 2016, 12:53

    I’d say the new first section is more reminiscent of Blanchimont than Les Combes. There is a kink at the end of a straight, followed by a chicane. This means that cars with low downforce can overtake before the kink, and cars with higher downforce can carry more speed through the kink and outbrake the other car in the chicane. It’s how Vettel pulled off many non-DRS passes in Spa in 2012.

    I have a few issues: I see a gravel trap has been added on the outside of the new turn 1. I suppose this is to stop cars from going off turn 1 to go into the chicane at high speed. I’m not sure if that will work in practice, but I prefer gravel over tarmac in this case.

    I disagree with not removing Della Roggia. I don’t see much overtaking going into there with this new configuration. I would have liked to see the first Lesmo made a slower corner, making it an overtaking place.

    Will the new turn 1 be cambered like Curva Grande and Blanchimont?

    1. If you look at the top diagram it shows a cross section of track which indicates it will be banked

  11. This will destroy the racing at Monza. The first corner is too fast to allow close tracking, won’t support side-by-side racing, and the chicane is too close to allow an attempt into the new chicane – which is also profiled in a way that will not support overtaking. Better hope they keep DRS and make it powerful enough all moves are simple sweeps down the main straight, as otherwise races will just be even more of a procession here than they are currently.

    Sacrilege to say so – but it’s time for Monza to go. It’s had too much surgery. It isn’t the Monza we remember. It’s being kept for it’s name now, not it’s racing.


  12. HURRAY for gravel at Parabolica. Tarmac wasn’t the way to go, not only for the challenge but also for safety in many cases.

    I like the new corner, it’s a good challenge, tackling that kink at full speed shouldn’t be that easy.

    What I don’t like of the new design is the removal of the inside barrier at Lesmo 1. I liked that, and I don’t think it was too problematic: that area is already hard for visibility because of the shadow from the trees and stuff. But anyway… I like the new layout overall!

  13. Should have just let the cars go through the curva grande. What a shame that we’re losing one of the most iconic corners ever

  14. Massive fan of this, and I’m usually the first to complain about circuit alterations. Further proof, if it were needed that design firms such as Dromo and Populous do far superior work to Mr Tilke.

  15. Any circuit that resembles old Hockenheim is a big plus for me

  16. Are those new stands by the new chicane?

  17. Tommy Scragend
    1st June 2016, 15:03

    Go on then, you’ve convinced me.

    Still think it’s a shame to lose Curva Grande, but if the trade-off is getting rid of the Rettifilio and bringing back the gravel at Parabolica then it’s worth it.

    Get this Jarno Zaffelli chappie on the blower to Hermann Tilke to show him how it’s done!

    1. Tommy Scragend
      1st June 2016, 15:04

      Get Zaffelli to show Tilke how it’s done – for the avoidance of doubt ;-)

  18. Looks challenging, I imagine that if someone wants to overtake in the chicane they will have to go flatout on the outside of the first fast corner, that should be exciting.

  19. Duncan Snowden
    1st June 2016, 16:24

    “[A]sphalt is a preferred run-off surface in the event that a driver attempts to make the apex of a corner, but gravel is preferred if they are going straight on due to some kind of failure”

    That makes a lot of sense. There’s never one correct solution that’s right for every situation.

    I like the new layout. Some change is obviously neccessary – or, at any rate, is going to happen whether we like it or not – and this not only preserves the character of the track (hello, Hockenheim) but arguably restores part of what was lost with the Rettifilio chicane. I share others’ reservations about its effects on overtaking, though. In fact, the new chicane being flat in F1 probably counts against it in that sense. It’ll preserve – or, again, restore – the spectacle of the old Curva Grande to some degree, but could end up harming the overall show. Let’s hope not.

  20. I hope that instead of removing an overtaking spot this just moves it a bit further down the road. People should be able to pass before the kink or after it; and if the car in front is defending (staying on the let), the car behind should get a better exit (or simply go round the normal racing line into the chicane), and then finalising the pass into the next chicane.

    The current chicane is one of the worst corners in the history of F1 – it is just two extremely slow corners put together without any flow to it, even something like the dreaded and unnecessary double hairpin at the old Indy layout seems good compared to it. The pre-2000 incarnation had at least the kerb-hopping aspect built into it.

  21. These people in charge are absolutely crazy, absolutely careless, mindless idiots.

    They dont care about history and heritage. Monza is all about history and heritage. The cathedrals of racing.

    Curva Grande is one of the most famous corners in all of motorsport.

    They want to remove it, they want to rrmove all the trees, this is absolutely terrible. Monza will never be the same withut Curva Grande, and become quickly become a track like any other.

    Those who crap on there own history, dont deserve there heritage.

    Its not enough they want to destroy the history of Monza, is that they are removing 2 overtaking spots (first chicane and second chicane) and replacing them with 0 overtaking spots.

    You come out of this new Turn 1 on the left side of the track, there is no way you can overtake around the outside, the car infront can just stay to the left and the car behind has no chance to go the long way around.

    The entry of that new chicane is very tight, look at that profile, it will be very hard to overtake there. Look at the entry of that corner, even if you dont close the inside, it will be extremely hard to overtake there.

    And because you shorten the run down to the second chicane, you have essentially removed the overtaking opportunity to the second chicane aswell.

    I cannot believe there are professionel people at work here. You are removing 2 overtaking spots, one of the most iconic corners in all of motorsports, and replace them with nothing?

    This is absolute madness. Completely mindless, completely careless people are at work here. They dont care about Monza.

    Jarno Zaffeli should not be allowed anywhere near the track. This is absolute madness. Dont destroy our history.

    1. Paraghamian
      2nd June 2016, 8:56

      Heritage and history? They should add the banking and old sections back to the track if that’s the case. I still love watching Grand Prix, a movie that predates 90% of you. I agree that they’re destroying this track once again, but it’s not like it’s 1968, in the real days of racing.

      1. Why not restore the old track with improved safety barriers at the top of the banking like in NASCAR. Maybe GT cars could handle racing on the full layout then. GP Version + Oval part. That would be special like the Nurburgring Nordschleife.

    2. I think the new corner is thrilling, and choosing to build a corner like that is an unusual decision in modern times, possibly unprecedented.

      I also think it is insanely dangerous, unfortunately. If something goes wrong in the exit of the corner, or a collision at the place on the circuit where cars are most likely to be wheel-to-wheel… with an elevation drop into a blind chicane the opposite direction… there will be some really nasty t-bone accidents.

      And surely, no way is MotoGP going to accept Monza. Yes, the old first chicane was insanely unsafe for motorbikes and so it’s an improvement for it to be gone. The new first corner will be unsafe for bikes too — for different reasons, not so much for the start of the race, but for high-speed accidents. And the circuit has other safety concerns for motorbikes with runoff elsewhere on the lap.

  22. Not so bad, we’ll have to wait and see if the 1st kink + Chicane provide an overtaking opportunity. Is good that the gravel will return to Parabolica, if it was for Tilke he will just asphalt the whole Monza park.

  23. I hope it’s for the best, but I still lament the loss of the simple and fast 80s Monza.
    Designing tracks that are meant to reduce speed is like designing spoons that can hold as less food as possible. The old track demanded driving to the limit of both the machine and the pilot on every moment of the race. All these chicanes that have crippled some of the most iconic tracks, not only they reduce overtaking as they are usually slow and narrow, they also reduce the interest of the show that F1 is.
    There are ways to make a race safe, without slowing it down…

    1. “Designing tracks that are meant to reduce speed is like designing spoons that can hold as less food as possible.”

      Beautifully put indeed

  24. Neil (@neilosjames)
    1st June 2016, 18:09

    I think I prefer the old layout (I always liked Curva Grande being a set-up point for an attack into Roggia) but it’s not so bad, and it’s still recognisably Monza. Will be interesting to see what it turns out like.

  25. Still better than new Hockenheim..

    1. Absolutely. One of my least favourite circuits, this Hockenheim.

  26. Restoration of gravel traps?

    This is a move I am very fond of. Hopefully it becomes a trend.

  27. Absolutely horrible ideas. Appalling and ridiculous.

    You dont remove one of the most iconic corners in all of motorsports for no reason.

    The first chicane is where alot of drama, great overtakings, alot of action happened infront of start finish straight.

    The Curva Grande is an all time iconic corner in motorsports, the beautiful trees fill the landscape so nicely.

    Remove Curva Grande, remove the Trees. This is crazy.

    hey are also changing the inside of Lesmo 1, they want to move the wall to the inside. The best thing about Lesmo 1 was not beeing able to see the exit of the corner. You would set up the car or bike on entry not beeing able to see the exit or where you will end up. Only arriving at the middle of the corner you would see the exit and know how far you can take it. Its a blind corner. Remove the blind and its a corner like any other. People regularly were running too wide there. You just hold your breath when you turn in there.

    They are going to take away the excitement and uniqueness of Monza.

    There is a terrible development in motorsports the last couple of decades. These mindless fools are not going to stop until all racing tracks look exactly the same.

    Has anybody ever looked seriously at the proposed new chicane?

    You come out of the new T1 on the left side of the track. How on earth is anybody going to overtake a car there?

    You would have to go all the way around the outside, look at how tight it is the entry of the proposed chicane/bent. You dont need a wide entry there. You just block the inside, the car on the outside would have to completely outbrake you and drive all the way around at this toght space with tight entry.

    And then you lose all the momentum and run down to the second chicane, it will be harder to overtake into the second chicane aswell because you essentially shortened the straight to it.

    RIP Monza.

    I’m sure some people who just dont care are going to earn alot of money with this change. And thats what this is all about.

  28. I have always thought the first chicane looks very clumsy as the cars take off at a good speed then grind to a complete halt almost. It does provide some overtaking action though so I hope the new layout will preserve this or provide other opportunities. I am please to see the return of a few gravel traps as well. Never liked the asphalt run off at Parabolica. It just seems wrong at Monza.

  29. I love these changes. I don’t think I’ll miss the first chicane, it was clumsy and not very good looking with all those artificial bumps, asphalt, grass, signs etc. Curva Grande is definitely an iconic corner, but honestly it hasn’t been a proper corner in decades.
    Faster track, more gravel, so it’s going to be even more challenging. Isn’t this what we all want? I’m really looking forward to Monza in 2017, hopefully we’ll see F1 cars going around that circuit.

  30. Love it. As mentioned above, I can’t remember too many changes to big tracks that have actually made them faster (only Imola springs to mind, but so much damage was done to it in 1995).

  31. YES YES YES. not only are they getting rid of the chicane but they are bringing back the gravel. that is what im most excited about. bring back the risk or parabolica yes

  32. What is the expected top speed into the new first chicane in the current F1 V6 hybrids?

  33. I was thougt the old banking ring will also return…

  34. Hearing that more than a few people in F1 don’t like this change & feel it won’t help the racing & is likely to make proper overtaking far harder with a larger reliance on a longer DRS zone with a DRS that its expected will be more powerful than many will like on the 2017 cars.

    1. Wow. As a fan of Monza I’m so glad to read this. Can you elaborate how you have heard this.

      That the proposed changes would make it harder to overtake is obvious to anyone who has raced a car before and looked on that proposed layout.

      Lets hope they accidently make DRS far to strong for 2017, so that they ban it for 2018 onwards, so we can go back to real racing.

  35. Oh! That good old F1 “fix-that-is-not-broken”. Let’s destroy that Monza, so nobody will say they love the track again. And then we can freely move that grand prix to another rich east country. Hockenheim? Never heared about it.

  36. Looks like this has all been scrapped…

  37. Why not tune up the track so the new cars can turn it up? This investment should be lucrative in that fans want to see these new machines. Upgrade your event and raise the ticket prices. The fans will come because the racecars are better. And they will pay too.

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