Shanghai International Circuit track map, 2019

Shanghai International Circuit information

The Shanghai International Circuit facility was constructed to host China’s first Formula 1 race in 2004. Built at a cost of £132m ($240m), the circuit is dominated by its vast main grandstand and pit complex.

The circuit layout, which roughly mirrors the Chinese character Shang, is fairly typical of modern venues. It features medium to slow speed corners and a straight where the drivers are flat out for almost 1.4 kilometres.

A distinctive feature of the track is the long right-hander which opens the lap, through which the drivers turn over 270 degrees before switching back.

The race originally appeared at the end of the year. It held the final round of the world championship once, in 2005, a race which saw Renault clinch the constructors’ championship.

In 2009 it moved to an earlier slot in the season and has since been part of the opening series of flyaway races. The Covid-19 pandemic led the race to be cancelled from 2020 to 2023.

As the circuit was built in an industrial complex outside Shanghai it is often affected by pollution from nearby factories. The weather can be variable and it is not uncommon for races to be affected by rain.

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Shanghai International Circuit data

Lap data
Lap length5.451km (3.387 miles)
Race laps56
Race distance305.066km (189.559 miles)
Pole positionLeft-hand side of the track
Lap record*1’32.238 (Michael Schumacher, 2004)
Fastest lap1’31.095 (Sebastian Vettel, 2018, qualifying three)
Maximum speed348kph (216.237 mph)
DRS zone oneDetection: Turn 12
Activation: 450 metres after turn 13
DRS zone twoDetection: 35 metres before turn 16
Activation: 98 metres after turn 16
Distance from grid to turn one336m
Car performance
Full throttle57.4%
Longest flat-out section1397m
Downforce levelHigh
Gear changes per lap47
Pit lane time loss17.23s

*Fastest lap set during a grand prix

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